F1 to O1 Visa: How to Transition and What You Should Know

If you are currently in the United States on an F1 visa and you have achieved extraordinary skills and achievements in a specific field, you may be eligible to apply for an O1 visa. While this can be an exciting opportunity to continue working in the U.S. with greater flexibility and opportunities for career growth, the process of transitioning from an F1 to O1 visa can be complex and intimidating.

In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide to help you understand what is required to transition from an F1 to O1 visa, practical tips for preparing your application package, and real-life examples to give you more context and insight into the process.

Essential requirements for O1 Visa

The O1 visa is designed for individuals who possess extraordinary abilities or achievements in certain fields, which include art, athletics, business, education, sciences, and more. In general, you must demonstrate that you are one of the top professionals in your field by providing evidence of renowned and sustained achievement.

To meet the qualifications, you must show your extraordinary ability in at least one of the following categories:

  • Received international or national recognition and awards
  • Published papers or articles in professional journals, media outlets or other major publications
  • Judging the work of others in the field
  • Original contributions to the field
  • Leading critical, essential or significant roles in a distinguished organization.
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In addition, you may also need to show that you have a job or job offer in the U.S., and that you are coming to the U.S. to continue working in your field.

How to Transition from F1 to O1 Visa: Step-by-Step Guide

Here are the steps you need to follow to transition from an F1 to an O1 visa:

Step 1: Preliminary Evaluation

You need to determine whether you have met the standards of an extraordinary visa or not. The preliminary evaluation (usually done by an immigration lawyer) should help you identify the areas of your career that make you stand out and assess whether you are eligible.

Step 2: Gather Required Evidence

As part of your O1 visa application, you will need to provide evidence of your extraordinary abilities in your field. This includes but is not limited to:

  • a description of your role and achievements
  • letters of recommendation from peers, clients, employers, or experts in your field
  • contracts or agreements detailing your work in the U.S.
  • evidence of press coverage about your work and achievements
  • relevant degrees, diplomas, certificates, or licenses

It’s important to note that this process requires tremendous documentation, so it’s essential to work closely with an experienced immigration attorney to ensure that your application is complete and filed correctly.

Step 3: Submit Your Application

Once you have gathered all the required evidence, you will need to submit your O1 visa application to the appropriate agency handling it. In most cases, this will be the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The agency will review your application, and if they find any inconsistency or additional documentation needed, they may issue a request for evidence (RFE).

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Step 4: Attend an Interview and/or File Petition

Once your application is reviewed, you will be requested to attend an interview at the U.S. Consulate in your country of application or file a petition if you are already in the United States. At this point, you can also bring additional evidence if required.

Step 5: Receive Your Visa

If your application is approved, you will receive your O1 visa, which is usually valid for up to three years. After that, you may be eligible to extend it up to three years, depending on your work or project duration.

Tips for Preparing Your O1 Visa Application

To increase your chances of success, there are a few essential tips to keep in mind when preparing your O1 visa application:

  1. Work with an experienced attorney who has a comprehensive understanding of the entire O1 visa process and can help you prepare strong and comprehensive documentation.
  2. Prepare an accurate and comprehensive reference letter that demonstrates the following:
  3. how you meet the O1 visa criteria
  4. what makes you stand out from others in your field
  5. Provide detailed documentation of all your career achievements to date
  6. Be prepared for any questions that may arise during your interview
  7. Be careful with your social media presence – USCIS officers have been known to investigate social media during the adjudication process.

Real-life Examples of F1 to O1 Visa Transition

Here are some real-life examples of those who have successfully obtained O1 visas after F1 visas:

  • An international student studying computer science in the U.S. achieved recognition for several innovative hacks and won multiple awards. The student was considered to have achieved national acclaim and embarked on a successful career with a renowned technology company.
  • A F1 visa holder in the performing arts industry established herself in several credible performances, won accolades and performed to a high standard in renowned platforms. The visa holder gained international recognition and successfully transitioned to an O1 visa.
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While every situation is unique, these examples serve to illustrate the extensive efforts of these individuals to achieve extraordinary results in their fields.


Can you apply for an O1 visa while still on your F1 visa status?

Yes, you can apply for an O1 visa while still on your F1 visa status.

How long does it take to process O1 visa applications?

Processing time for the O1 visa can vary depending on factors such as the USCIS workload, importance of the application, approval level, and more. In some situations, it may take as little as a few weeks, while in other instances, it may take several months.

How much does it cost to apply for an O1 visa?

The fee for an O1 visa application is around $1,500, but this does not include additional attorney fees, which can range from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars.

Is there a limit on the number of O1 visas granted per year?

No, there is no limit on the number of O1 visas granted per year, unlike the H-1B visa, which does have a cap.


Transitioning to an O1 visa from an F1 is a complex process that requires extensive documentation, but for those with extraordinary achievements in their fields, it can lead to exciting career opportunities in the United States. By understanding the requirements and following our guide, you can increase your chances of a successful application and transition. Remember to work closely with an experienced immigration attorney who can guide you through the process and help ensure your application is complete and filed correctly.

About the Author

Latasha W. Bolt

Latasha is a travel writer based in Atlanta, Georgia. She has a degree in journalism and has been traveling the world since she was a teenager. Latasha is experienced in navigating the visa and passport application process and shares her knowledge and experiences on the blog. Her articles are personal and engaging, providing readers with a unique perspective on the joys and challenges of international travel.

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